What is Strategic Thinking

Is strategic thinking different from strategic planning?

Does strategic thinking replace strategic planning or does it complement?

I have been reading about strategic thinking. More importantly, the question I’ve been asking myself is, “can strategic thinking be taught?”

via Eton Lawrence:

Liedtka developed a model which defines strategic thinking as a particular way of thinking, with very specific and clearly identifiable characteristics.

According to Jeanne Liedtka, these are five elements of strategic thinking via ResearchGate:

Which of these five elements do you need to work on?